CALEDONIA, NY Compiled by Hugh Campbell, Genesee, NY

Dedicated to the FAMILY 1906


In preparing and presenting these pages to our relatives and friends, very little need be said by way of preface.

Every family is desirous of knowing as much as possible of their ancestry, and, doubly so, when that ancestry has been worthy.

Genealogies appearing in book form usually begin with a great statesman, a renowned warrior, an illustrious divince (sic), poet, author, or reformer, and are so blended with fabulous detail as scarce to leave room for the supposition that the founder of the family ever had a father. Not so in this case, for the worthy progenitor of our race, first to cross the Atlantic Ocean, with whom, for lack of earlier information, our genealogy must begin, was a man of lowly origin, and humble occupation, though bearing an illustrious name.

Our object and aim in writing these pages is to familiarize ourselves with the personal appearance, habits, character and history of those of our kin whom we have never seen, to pay loving and grateful tribute to the memory of those that we have known, who have gone before, and to leave to those that come after us the record of their worthy lives, with the hope that they will not only maintain the honor and good name of their ancestors, but, as advantages multiply, that they will rise to higher plan

es of dignity and usefulness.

The materials used in these pages have been gleaned from various sources, personal recollections, written and printed documents, and family records. All we believe authentic.

H. C.

Here is a History of YOUR NAME

VARIATIONS -- BEAUCHAMP, BEECHAM. Campbell is one of those names which we are accustomed to think of as essentially Scottish; and so it is if we restrict our consideration of it to the history of that particular spelling. It is not a native Scottish name, however, notwithstanding the fact that it is approximately 800 or 900 years since it was transplanted there, and that it is clearly traceable through the prominent part played by the clan in the history of that great land so far back as the Thirteenth Century.

But in another form it was a family name even before that time. It was the descriptive name borne by one of the lieutenants of William the Conqueror when he invaded England from Normandy, and simply was the name of the warrior's estate in Northern France, "Campo Bello," or beautiful field. Being the name of a nobleman, it rapidly became crystallized into a family name, De Campobello. When the Norman invasion reached up into Scotland, a member of this family received large grants of land. This was in the Thirteenth Century, since which time the family and the following it acquired has from the very start become as Scottish as any of the clans which trace back to prehistoric days.

In the development of the French language since the time of William the Conqueror, "campo" has become "champs" and "bello" has become "beau," which was brought over to England later, and which also developed with the progress in the French language from the original name of De Campbello in England. But the British pronunciation has corrupted it from Beauchamp into "Beecham" which is the reason that it is sometimes found in that spelling.

Miss Z. H. Beauchamp, Chairman of the Political Economy Club.


Among the Scottish Clans none can claim greater antiquity, or more honorable and beneficent service to their country than the Campbells.

When history first begins in Britain, at the time of the Roman invasions and conquests, Scotland, or Caledonia, as it was then called, was inhabited by three distinct races of people, the ancient Britons, the Picts, and the Scots. The Romans partly subdued these peoples, and left Governors to secure and complete their conquests. One of these governors went over to France with a colony of Britons, who lived under their own sovereigns in Britannia Gallices. The Britons at home, harassed by the Picts and Scots, sent to these French Britons for aid, offering sovereignty to their king, which he declined, but sent his son Constantine with an army to their assistance. This happened in the reign of Fergus 2nd, 404 AD. Constantine reigned over the Britons until about 420 AD, and was the grandfather of Arthur of the Round Table, with whom the best authorities begin the genealogy of the Campbells. Thus these authorities trace back the genealogy of the Clan-Campbell in unbroken line of descent from father to son for almost fifteen centuries.

It is not our purpose, in these pages, to try to trace in detail this genealogy through all these centuries, only can we mention a few of the most prominent facts, and most illustrious persons, in this long line linking the present with the far distant past.

The ancestors of the Campbells were known as O'Dwin, or Mc Dwine. They were also called Clan Duibhn Siol, or Sliochd Dha-Dhinruid Mac Dhuibhn, 404 AD to about 1000 AD.

In the time of Malcolm (Conn Mohr) 86th King of Scotland, (1056-1095), surnames were first used in Scotland, and the name Campbell was assumed by Clan MacDhuibhn, on the marriage of Eva, heiress of Argyll, then called Lochow, with Gillespicus Carpus-bellus (Archibald Campbell), a Norman by birth, and a cousin of William the Conqueror. This Gillespie was the second son of one Malcolm MacDuibhn, who had married the heiress of Campusbellus in Normandy, and was a cousin of Eva of Lochow, his wife.

With Colin Campbell, grandson of Gillespie and Eva, the name Campbell first appears in Scottish history. Colin married a niece of Alexander 1st, King of Scotland, and died at Dunstaffnage Castlo, near Oban, while defending the person of the King, 1110 AD.

Sir Neil Campbell, the ninth Campbell, was called one of "Robert the Bruce's Worthies," fighting with Sir William Wallace and Robert Bruce for the liberty of Scotland. Sir Neil married Lady Marjorie Bruce, sister of the King.

Sir Duncan, the thirteenth Campbell, is described in Scottish history as "a man of great abilities, equally marked for his valor and wisdom." Sir Duncan was instrumental in ransoming and restoring King James I, of Scotland, who had been many years a prisoner in England. King James made him one of his Privy Council, and Justice General of Argyllshire. He was continued in those offices by James II, by whom he was honored with the title of Lord Campbell, 1445. He was the first Campbell to assure the title of Argyll. Colin Campbell, the first Earl of Argyll, was the fifteenth Campbell, and was Lord Chancellor of Scotland, from 1488 until the time of his death in 1493.

Archibald, second Earl of Argyll, was a favorite of King James VI. At the Battle of Flodden, he commanded the van of the royal army, and fell with James and the flower of the Scottish nobility, on that fatal field, September 9th, 1513.

Archibald, fourth Earl of Argyll, was Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and the first Scottish nobleman to declare himself a Protestant. It is recorded of him that, "He was the first family who embraced the Protestant religion, of which he was a since

re and zealous professor, and on his deathbed recommended the promotion of it to his son and successor." He died in 1558.

Archibald, eight Earl of Argyll, (1596-1661) was one of the grandest noblemen Scotland ever produced. Educated a Protestant, ardently attached to the Church of Scotland, and an uncompromising Presbyterian, he was made leader and political head of the Covenanter movement, 1638. On the visit of King Charles I to Scotland in 1641, he created Argyll a Marquis. In the stormy times that followed Argyll, though a staunch Presbyterian remained loyal to Charles. After the execution of Charles in 1649, Argyll and other Scottish noblemen invited his son, afterwards Charles II, who was then at the Hague, to come to Scotland, and accept the Scottish Crown. This invitation Charles accepted, and was crowned at Scone, January 1st, 1651, Argyll placing the crown on the King's head. After the defeat of the Scottish army at Dunbar, Charles against the advice of his noblemen, decided to lead his army into England, in the hope of rousing the English royalists to his support, but he was completely routed by Cromwell at Worcester. After this battle, at which he was not present, owing to the severe illness of his wife, Argyll retired to Inverary, where he held out against Cromwell's troops for almost a year. Falling sick, he was taken prisoner. He refused submission to Cromwell, but agreed to live peaceably, which agreement he strictly kept. On the restoration of the Stewart's, and Charles II being made King, Argyll was charged with the crime of treason in submitting to Cromwell, and in being accessory to the death of Charles I. His most bitter enemies were appointed his prosecutors and judges. After the keenest and fullest investigation, to convict him, and to malign his character, the only treason that could be fixed on him was that common to all his judges, "submitting to, and partly acknowledging the Government established in Scotland during the triumph of Cromwell." On this charge, Argyll said to his judges: "What I have done I was compelled to do by necessity, which being a thing above law, and which took place when there was no law, ought in the reason of things, to justify a man against law. What I did, I did with good intention, with a desire to serve his Majesty, and to preserve his subjects, and I bless God that I succeeded in both. I did no more however, than others did, even those who are now my prosecutors and judges."

Argyll, however, was found guilty, and sentenced to be beheaded, May 27, 1661. When sentence was passed upon him, he said, "I had the honor to set the Crown on the King's head, and now he hastens me to a better Crown than his own. You have the indemnity of an earthly King in your hands, and have denied me a share in that, but you cannot hinder me from the indemnity of the King of King's, and shortly you must come before his tribunal. I pray He mete not out to you such measure as you have to me, when you are called to an account of all your actions, and this among the rest." On the scaffold, he said, "I desire you, gentlemen - and all that hear me, again to take notice and remember that now, when I am entering on eternity, and am to appear before my Judge, and as I desire salvation, and expect eternal happiness from Him, I am free from any Accession, by knowledge, contriving, council, or any other way, to his late Majesty's death; and I pray the Lord to preserve the present King, his Majesty, and to pour out His best blessings upon his person and government, and the Lord give him good and faithful councilors."

All authorities are now agreed that the Marquis of Argyll was put to death unjustly, died a martyr for conscience sake, and have accorded him a foremost place among the great men of Scotland.

Archibald, ninth Earl of Argyll, was another victim of the stormy times in which he lived, and shared a like fate to his father, being beheaded in Edinburgh, June 30, 1685, another martyr for the cause of truth. On his monument in Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, are still to be seen these lines written by him on the day before his death:

Thou passenger, that shall have so much time

To view my grave, and ask what was my crime;

No stain of error, no black vices brand,

Did me compel to leave my native land.

Love to my country, twice sentenced me to die,

Constrained my hands forgotten arms to try.

More by friend's fraud my fall proceeded hath

Than foes, tho' now they thrice decreed my death.

On my attempt, though Providence did frown,

Yet God at last will surely raise his own.

Another hand, with more successful speed,

Shall raise the remnant -- bruise the serpent's head.

Tho' my head fall, that is no tragic story,

Since going hence I enter endless glory.

On the monument written by the hands of another are the following lines.

A hero's dust these sacred stones contain;

Shameful his death, his life without a stain.

He fell, alas! thro' fortune's fierce assault,

His country's glory by his country's fault.

Archibald, Lord Lorne, tenth Earl of Argyll, was one of the few Scottish noblemen who came from Holland with the Prince of Orange, afterwards King William III. In 1701, for "Worth, power and services" to his King and Country, he was created the first Duke of Argyll. He died in London, 1703.

John, second Duke of Argyll, and Duke of Greenwich, (1680-1743), was probably the most able and accomplished Campbell known to history. He was one of the foremost statesmen, and the greatest General of his time. "He was equally conspicuous for patriotism and eloquence in parliament, as for bravery and conduct in the field." At seventeen years of age, he was Colonel of a regiment, in King William's last war; at thirty, Generalissimo of Queen Anne's armies in Spain; and at thirty-five, he was Commander-in-Chief of the forces in Scotland. He distinguished himself at Ramillies, Oudenarde, Lille, Ghent and Malplaquet. He also defeated the army of the Pretender at Sheriffmuir, and again at Dunblane, 1715.

The highest honors were conferred upon "The Great Duke of Argyll and Greenwich" by the three sovereigns during whose reigns he lived, William III, Queen Anne and George II. He was created a peer of England with the title of Baron Chatham and Earl of Greenwich, was a Knight of the Order of the Thistle, a Knight of the Order of the Garter, and a Field Marshall of Great Britain.

He died October 4, 1743, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, by special vote of both Houses of Parliament, by whom he was characterized as, "A truly noble and magnificent Prince, the true father of his own people, and one who has most largely contributed to the prosperity of England, by elevating the House of Hanover, thus securing a firm succession to the English throne."

A magnificent monument of white marble was erected to his memory in Westminster Abbey, on the pyramid of which the following lines are chiseled:

Briton, behold, if patriot worth be dear,

A shrine that claims thy tributary tear;

Silent the tongue admiring senates heard

Nerveless, that arm opposing legions feared.

Nor less, O' Campbell, thine the power to please,

And give to grandeur all the grace of peace.

Long from thy life let kindred heroes trace

Arts which ennoble still the noblest race;

Others may owe their future fame to me,

I borrow immortality from thee.

On the base of his monument is this inscription: "In memory of an honest man, and constant friend, John, the Great Duke of Argyll and Greenwich; a general and orator exceeded by none in the age in which he lived."

Archibald, third Duke of Argyll (1682-1761) was a brother of Duke John, and is spoken of as "The ablest politician and greatest statesman of his time." He was one of the Commissioners for the treaty of Union between England and Scotland in 1706, and was while he lived, one of the sixteen elective Peers of the United Parliament. He was also Justice-General of Scotland, and a member of the Privy Council.

After the rebellion of 1745, which ended so disastrously for the Stuart cause at Culloden, it was the Duke of Argyll who advised King George II to give employment to the Highland Clans in his armies. The forethought of Argyll in suggesting, and the wisdom of the king in approving this plan for pacification and employment of the Scottish Highlanders, has given to Great Britain, some of her most famous regiments, and most gallant soldiers, and has had much to do in making the Highlanders her most loyal subjects.

This Duke built Inverary Castle, the principal residence of the Argyll family, as it now appears. He also made many improvements on his large estates for the benefit of his tenantry.

John, fifth Duke of Argyll, who died in 1806, was a Field Marshall in the British army, and is described as "A brave soldier, and a great and good man."

George John Douglass Campbell, eighth Duke of Argyll (1823-1900), was one of the most talented of this illustrious family. The many high offices held by him, political, educational and otherwise, were not bestowed upon him because of family connections, as is so often the case, but because of his own eminent fitness and ability.

Argyll entered the House of Lords on the death of his father in 1847, and at once became an active and eloquent member of that body. He held office in each of the Liberal cabinets from Lord Aberdeen to Mr. Gladstone. He was at different times Lord Privy Seal, Postmaster-General and Secretary of State for India. In 1881, because of disagreement with Mr. Gladstone on the question of Home Rule for Ireland, Argyll retired from the cabinet, severed his connection with the Liberal party, and became a leading Liberal-Unionist.

Argyll was at different times Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews, Rector of Glasgow University, and President of the British Association for the Promotion of Science.

As a writer the Duke of Argyll was held in high estimation. His best known and most widely read book is his "Reign of Law." This work appeared in 1886, and passed through several editions in Great Britain, and in the United States as well. Other works are "Primeval Man" (1869), "The History and Antiquities of Iona" (1870), "The Unity of Nature" (1884), "Scotland as It Was and Is" (1887).

As a landlord, he was one of the most liberal in Scotland, and did much for the comfort and pleasure of his tenantry. He died in 1900, and was buried in the family burial place at Kilmun.

John George Edward Henry Douglass Sutherland Campbell, ninth Duke of Argyll, (1845- ), the present head of the Clan Campbell, succeeded to the Dukedom on the death of his father in 1900.

The Duke of Argyll is more familiarly known even now, 1906, as the Marquis of Lorne, a title he bore for many years with honor and distinction.

He is possessed of large and honorable experience and public affairs. A Member, for Argyllshire, in the House of Commons for a number of years, Private Secretary to his father while Secretary of State for India, Governor-General of Canada, (1878-1883). The duties of each office and position well and faithfully performed, has made him known to the English speaking world.

The Duke, like his late father, is possessed of good literary ability, has traveled extensively, and is a nobleman in the true sense of the title.

In 1871, he married Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. He is the author of "An Authentic History of the Life of Queen Victoria."

The present Duke is the thirty-third Knight of Lochow, and the thirty-first Campbell in direct descent.

In the foregoing pages of this chapter, we have followed the history of Clan Campbell, through its oldest and parent branch, the Argyll family, and have singled out a few of the illustrious names from among the many of that family.

We would like to write of the other branches of the Clan, but mere mention of them will suffice for the purpose of this history: The Campbells of Breadalbane, Campbells of Craignish, Campbells of Lochnell, Campbell of Islay, Campbells of Stonefield and the Campbells of Dunstaffnage, each family of whom has given to the world many men who have been honorable and useful, and have added lustre to the name Campbell.

A few years ago the Clan Campbell was represented in Great Britain by six members of the Peerage, and twenty-two Baronets, each of whom was raised to their respective rank because of conspicuous attainments, or valuable service to their country, and one of whom, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, is at the present time Premier of the British Empire. Sir Henry's name is properly Campbell, the hyphenated Bannerman being attached some years ago, as a condition of heirship to large estates from a maternal uncle.

Of the true nobility, that of mind and heart, we can point to many of our clansmen who have been foremost in social, political, educational and religious movements. The pages of history bristle with the name Campbell and, with few exceptions, where our clan name is mentioned, records deeds of worth and valor. Campbells have been eminent in the pulpit and in the press, in the camp and in the court. They have acquired fame as poets, philosophers and philanthropists, doctors and divines. In every walk of life our Clan has been represented, and that with honor.

"Great names degrade instead of elevate those who know not how to sustain them."


Peter Campbell (1769-1836)

Peter Campbell (1769-1836), with whom out history as a family, in the United States of America begins, was born at Killin, Perthshire, Scotland, in the year 1769. Here he grew up to young manhood, following as we have good reason to believe, the occupation of a shepherd. Of his life previous to his emigration to this country we know little, save that he was married to Catherine Campbell (1767-1831), and that while still in Scotland, their first child, Janet, was born.

About the first of March 1798, Peter Campbell, with his wife and their little daughter Janet, in company with others from the neighborhood of Killin, left their homes in the Highlands of Scotland, to make for themselves, and for their families, new homes in this country. Sailing from Greenock, they arrived at New York about the first day of May. The proceeded at once by boat to Albany, thence on foot to Johnstown, NT. Y. where a company of their country folk had settled sometime before. Here they remained for almost a year. Meantime, Colonel Williamson, agent for the Pultney Estate, himself a Scotchman, hearing of the arrival of those Scotch people at Johnstown, went there to see them, with a view to induce them to settle on the Pultney lands near "Big Springs."

As a result of his visit, and of the liberal terms offered them, this little company of Perthshire Highlanders, after having sent out a number of their party to view the land, and hearing their favorable report, in March 1799, left Johnstown in sleighs drawn by oxen, and in ten days arrived at "Big Springs," the name which Caledonia, N. Y. was then known.

Peter Campbell, purchased 175 acres of land on Spring Creek, north of the Big Springs. The price paid was $3.00 per acre, payable in wheat at six shillings, per bushel. The Deed of this original purchase, bears the date of May 31, 1808, probably the time when payment was completed, from Sir James Pultney, and his wife, Henrietta Laura Pultney, Countess of Bath, through their attorney, Robert Troup, to Peter Campbell. This purchase comprises all of the present Home Farm. It included also a part of the farm afterwards willed by Peter Campbell to his son Donald, lying north of the Home Farm, and extending to Allen's Creek, to the west of Caledonia and Mumford road.

In 1824, 83 additional acres was purchased, lying west of the original north purchase, and added to the farm, afterwards willed to Donald Campbell, (Lord Alloway) and Masterron Ure, by their Attorney, Robert Troup, to Peter Campbell, and is dated March 5, 1824.

These two purchases include all the land owned by Peter Campbell, and these original deeds are still in possession of our family.

When the Home Farm was first settled, a log house was built, situated a little north and east of where the Homestead residence now stands, and barns and other buildings were erected as necessity demanded. A small building was also erected a little east of where the corn house now stands, for Caledonia's first minister Rev. Alexander De Noon, and was used by him as a study for a number of years, during which time Mr. DeNoon was a member of the family. After a few years, probably about 1808 to 1810, a frame house was built. This house with additions and modernizing improvements, is the "Homestead" of to-day. The exact date of the building of this house cannot now be ascertained, no data being preserved, but Peter P. Campbell used to say that he was a little fellow in dresses, when his father's family, moved into the new frame house, and Mrs. Robinson, (widow of Duncan Campbell), says that she remembers having attended preaching services in the frame house ninety-two years ago, when she was seven years old, so that our estimate of the time 1808 to 1810 cannot be far from the date.

Doty's History of Livingston County, published in 1876, speaking of the early settlers of Caledonia says: "Among them many privations endured by the first settlers, that which they felt most severely was the want of church privileges and the preaching of the gospel. There were among them many truly godly people who had hungered for the bread of life. Hence the question of having a church was soon agitated, and as early as 1802, on the 15th of November, a meeting of the people was held at the house of Peter Campbell in order to incorporate and establish themselves into a religious society conformable to an Act of the Legislature of the State of New York. Alexander McDonald and John McNaughton presided. It was unanimously voted that the name and title of the Society "shall be the Caledonia Presbyterian Society. "Thomas Irvine, Duncan McPherson, Peter Campbell, John Christie and Peter Anderson were elected trustees."

From other authentic sources we know, that until such time as a church was built, it was the custom of the early Scotch settlers to g<:>ather from Sabbath to Sabbath, also on Fast Days, at the house of Peter Campbell for religious worship.

On March 4, 1805, the First Presbyterian Church Caledonia was organized. Peter Campbell and his wife Catherine Campbell, were among the number of its fifty-two original members.

On August 16, 1808; Peter Campbell was elected a Ruling Elder, in which capacity he served until the time of his death, a period of twenty-eight years. The first Sabbath School in Caledonia, was organized by Dr. Peter McPherson, and Peter Campbell. Mrs. Robinson, the only survivor of those who attended this first Sabbath School, cannot recall the date of its organization, but says that it was about the year 1820.

This Sabbath School was held in the Public School house of that time, which stood for many years on what is now called North Street, on the west side of the street, a little south of the New York Central Railroad.

For description of the personal appearance and manner of life of Peter Campbell, and members of his family who passed away in the early part of last century, we are much indebted to Mr. James DeNoon, a son of Rev. Alexander DeNoon, and Mrs. Robinson, both of whom knew Peter Campbell and his family intimately. At the request of the family, Mr. DeNoon, since deceased, in 1901 wrote describing Peter Campbell as follows; "He was a noble grandparent that you can be truly proud of, as an extraordinary man of rare habits of life, but much more in Christian grace, fulfilling the same in godly fear. His stature was nearly that of your father, (about five feet eleven inches), spare in frame, somewhat stooped, long features, solemn but pleasant countenance, piercing black eyes, wavy black hair, wore his beard as your father did, on his cheeks, trimmed short with upper lip and lower part of the face always clean shaved. He had a firm step and was very thoughtful in mein. Would always meet his friends lovingly or rather affectionately, but on the Sabbath made no inquiry about secular matters. He seemed to have his mind on heavenly things. He was astute and no ways bashful or at a loss on any occasion. He was considerate and of good judgment. Sedate and solemn at worst, especially on the Sabbath. Nothing would disturb him more than hunting or fishing on the Sabbath.

Family worship was always observed in his house, and no meal was ever partaken of without the "blessing" being asked. The Sabbath was religiously kept.

From the testimony of the late Mr. John R. McKay, and others we know that Peter Campbell, was one of the earliest, strongest and most consistent advocates of temperance reform in his community. The drinking habits and customs of too many of the early settlers found no favor with him. While nearly all his neighbors, thought it necessary to use liquors on the table, in the harvest field, at weddings, at christenings, even at funerals, in fact on any and all occasions, no liquor, for beverage purposes was ever allowed on his premises.

Speaking of his hospitality and goodness, Doty's History of Livingston County, before alluded to, says: "Peter Campbell settled near the Springs and when the church was formed he took an active part in its affairs and was made an elder. His hospitality and kindness to the new comers in after years were unbounded, and as long as he lived the poor found in him a liberal and helping friend." Mrs. Robinson says: "Mr. Campbell was a fine, good man."

Peter Campbell's certificate of citizenship is dated February, 1810. He died in 1836, in the sixty-seventh year of his age, and was buried in the family burial place in Mumford Cemetery.

Catherine Campbell, (1767-l831), wife of Peter Campbell, was a native of Killin, Perthshire, Scotland. She grew up to womanhood, and was married to Peter Campbell in Scotland in the year 1796. She came to this country with her husband in 1798, and was one of the first settlers in Caledonia, N. Y. ( l799).

She was one of original fifty-two members of the First Presbyterian Church of Caledonia, becoming a member March 4, 1805, on the organization of the church.

Mrs. Robinson, her daughter-in-law, describes Mrs. Catherine Campbell to us as: "A handsome woman, about five feet nine inches tall, with light hair, fair complexion, rosy cheeks round features and dark blue eyes. A good mother and a kind and charitable woman".

Mr. James DeNoon said of her: "The grand-elder as well as the grandparent was blessed with a partner in life who was a most noble helpmeet and judicious counselor. She was well made for the household, of sweet disposition and kind amenities in all her ways."

Catherine Campbell died in 1831, and was buried in the family burial place in Mumford cemetery.

The family of Peter and Catherine Campbell consisted of eight children, five sons and three daughters: Janet (1797- ); Christina (1801-l850); Duncan (1799-1837); Donald (1804-1839); Peter (1806-1884); John (1808-189O); Alexander (1810-1817); and Ann (1812-1832).

The following article which appeared in the Caledonia Advertiser of September 11, 1884, from the pen of the late Senator Donald McNaughton, though written at so late a date, being descriptive of the conditions prevailing in our grandfather's time and household, properly belongs in this place in our family history:


"A Consecrated House"


"The residence of the late Peter P. Campbell of Caledonia."

"The following scrap of local history appeared a few days ago in a Rochester paper, evidently dictated by some old resident of Caledonia, perusal of which will undoubtedly interest many of our readers."

"The house of the late Peter P. Campbell and the spacious grounds surrounding it at Caledonia, where his funeral was held on Monday, can without irreverence be called consecrated. The parents of Mr. Campbell were very devout Christian people, bringing with them from Scotland the pious and devotional spirit and practices prevailing there, whose influence was not lost on their family, and yet is a beautiful feature and characteristic of that Christian home. In the early part of this century the house referred to was for a long time regularly occupied on the Sabbath and "Fast Days" as a place of worship, the congregation being large in number and very devout. All necessary preparations were made early on the Saturday previous, benches and seats were placed in order in the house and yard, and not the slightest work left to be done after sunset on Saturday. The place for the minister, the Rev. Alexander DeNoon, was in the front room. The woodwork was unpainted but the floor and wainscoting were scrubbed as clean and white as snow, and in cold weather the spacious fireplace, with an enormous "Black-Log" duly placed the previous day, threw out grateful warmth and light.

In the forenoon the sermon was in Gaelic, with which the larger portion of the audience were familiar; in the afternoon it was in English and Rouse's version of the psalms was used. In pleasant weather during the intermission, the worshipers gathered about the spring issuing from under the huge rock in the rear of the house, cups being provided for their accommodation. The women were without bonnets, the head of each covered with a handsomelace or muslin cap, or a black silk handkerchief. The dress of both sexes was plain, usually of homespun goods, gray or blue in color. Occasionally a bright tartan or plaid from the Old Country was displayed. Close attention was paid by old and young to the sermon. Each had a Bible and Psalm book, and the attitude and appearance of all gave unmistakable evidence that they had assembled for worship. Many came from a distance of seven or eight miles on foot, while a few came on horseback.

No gossip was indulged in, or idle talk, the conversation carried on in subdued voice was on the sermon and kindred subjects. The rock, ancient in the sun, still stands. The broad well cultivated fields, covered with waving grain or ready for the approaching seed time, yet surrounded the pleasant home, the maple grove of unequaled beauty, and Spring Creek in its brightness and sparkling purity yet remain, but pastor and elders and devout people who worshipped in that humble place.

Where are they?

Of all the vast assemblage gathered in the house and about the grounds yesterday, probably not five formed part of the congregation which listened to the "Word" read and sermons preached by the pious and godly preacher Alexander DeNoon."

Janet Campbell (1797-1818) eldest child of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born at Killin, Perthshire, Scotland<:f><:f200,>, in the year 1797. In infancy she came to this country with her parents, and grew up to womanhood on the home farm at Caledonia.

In early life, she married Archibald McDermid, a stepson of Deacon John McVean, and by him had one son, also named Archibald. The husband and father died when his son was about one year old.

Archibald McDermid, Jr., was born on the Campbell home farm. he now lives in Chicago, Illinois, and is unmarried.

Sometime after husband's death, Janet married as her second husband William Campbell, who was a native of Scotland, and who after coming to this country, was for a time employed as a shepherd on the Wadsworth estate at Genesee, N. Y.

Soon after this marriage the family removed to Canada, and settled in the Township of Esquesing, Ontario. Here a new heavily timbered farm was taken up and all the hardships of pioneer life in the woods endured.

Janet Campbell was a woman of more than ordinary force of character and physical strength. In the early days, when the home farm at Caledonia was new and being cleared up, and being brought to the cultivation, we have heard it said that she would go out into the fields and perform her share of whatever work was to be done, even to driving the oxen in logging.

The family of William and Janet Campbell consisted of four children, 2 sons and two daughters: Donald, Peter, Catherine and Margaret, each of whom married and have children.

Janet Campbell and her husband William Campbell, both died at Esquesing, Ontario, Canada and are buried there.

Duncan Campbell, (1799-1837) eldest son of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born on the home farm at Caledonia, in 1799. Here he grew up to manhood. He remained at home with his father until the time of his marriage to Ellen Rose McVean.

In 1830. when he left home, living for a time on the State Road, west of Caledonia village, on what is now known as the Lynch farm.

Afterwards he associated himself with his brother-in-law Colin McVean, in his sawmill business at Mumford, then later until the time of his death he was proprietor of this sawmill.

Duncan Campbell was spare in person, and shorter in stature than the other men of his fathers family, (about five feet and eight inches). He resembled his mother in features and complexion, with his father's hair and eyes.

In an interview with Mrs. Robinson, his widow, we asked her if Duncan was as good looking as some others of his father's family? She promptly and quaintly replied: "He was the best looking of any of them. He was the best looking man that went into Mr. McLaren's church." We then asked her if Duncan attended Mr. McLaren's church. She replied: "After we were married, I always went with him to Mr. DeNoon's church."

Duncan Campbell, while in Mumford, lived on the north part of the home farm, and died in the house which stood for many years on the northwest corner of the "Back Road" from Caledonia to Mumford. He died on June 3, I837 and was buried in the family plot at Mumford. He left no children.

Sometime after the decease of Duncan Campbell, his widow married William Robinson of Mumford. She now lives with her daughters on "Flint Hill" at the advanced age of 99 years. She is a nice looking old lady, her eyesight good, her hearing almost unimpaired, and her memory wonderfully active and retentive. It is a delight to converse with her, especially so as she is the only surviving relative connecting the present generations with those of the past.

To Mrs. Robinson we are indebted for much of the personal information contained in these pages regarding those of our family who passed away during the early part of the last century.

Christina Campbell (1801-1850) second daughter of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born on the home farm at Caledonia, where she grew to young womanhood. Christina is described to us as "An active, energetic woman, of medium height, with dark blue eyes and wavy dark hair. Fine looking and very genteel in dress and manner."

She married her first cousin, Colin McVean (1798-1851) ** He was born in Scotland and came to America with his parents when small. ** who lived on what is now known as the Thomas Brown farm, about three miles south of Caledonia Village. In early life Mr. McVean was a farmer, and for a time after his marriage, lived on the farm now known as the L. B. Hebbard farm, near Beulah. Then for a time he was a merchant in Caledonia, conducting his business in the "White Store", now used as a Masonic lodge-room and gymnasium. on West Main Street. He resided in the dwelling immediately west of his store, now owned and occupied by the Gallagher family.

Colin McVean was a man of considerable means, and had a large influence in directing the affairs of the communities in which he lived, but was of a somewhat restless disposition, as evidenced by his frequent changes of occupation and places of residence.

He is described, in a letter from his only surviving daughter, Mrs. Lampman, as "A large man, six feet in height and weighing two hundred pounds. Had auburn hair, wore side whiskers and was a fine looking man."

In the year 1840, the family removed from Caledonia to Wisconsin, at that time a Territory, and looked upon as being the far west. They settled upon a government land

claim of 160 acres, within six miles of Waukesha, paying for it the sum of twenty-five dollars.

Of these early days in Wisconsin Mrs. Lampman writes- "The Stage Coaches drawn by four horses, then running between Milwaukee and Madison passed by our house twice each day. The children attended school in a log school house. It cost twenty-five cents to send a letter East."

After several years spent in Wisconsin, Mr. McVean sold his property there and returned to Caledonia, N. Y. He then built and occupied the dwelling now occupied by William Gibson, on West Main Street, next west of the First Presbyterian Church. He also built a store, on the same lot, just west of his house where William Gibson's shop now stands, and carried on a general merchandise business there for several years, when he again sold out, and returned a second time to Wisconsin. The family settled on this occasion, at Mukwanago, near Waukesha. Here Mr. McVean built a grist mill, store, and sawmill, and continued in business until the time of his death.

The family of Christina Campbell and her husband Colin McVean, consisted of six children, three sons and three daughters; Peter, died in Wisconsin, unmarried; Catherine, died in Wisconsin, unmarried Margaret, married Mr. Daniel Eggleston; Donald; Colin, enlisted as a soldier in the Civil War, and was killed by the bursting of a shell, on a Southern battlefield; Jennette, married Mr. Lampman, now lives in San Francisco, California, (also two children who died in infancy.)

Colin McVean, his wife Christina Campbell, their son Peter, and daughter Catherine, died in Wisconsin, and are buried there in the Waukesha cemetery.

Donald C; McVean, (1834-1887), son of Colin and Christina. McVean, was born in Caledonia, N. Y., July 8, 1834. He removed with his father's family to Wisconsin in 1840. He received a common school education, with a short time at Carroll College, Wisconsin. Learned the printer's trade at Kenosha Wisconsin, and was the founder and for a time editor of the Kenosha Times, and later became connected with the Kenosha Telegraph, the oldest newspaper in the state of Wisconsin.

On the 19th, of September 1861, he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah B. Locke, at Kenosha.

On the breaking out of the Civil War, Donald C, McVean assisted in organizing, and was made Captain of one of the first companies of volunteers accepted by the government from the state of Wisconsin. This was known as Company G. of the 1st, Wisconsin Regiment of Volunteer Cavalry. He was made Captain of Company E in the reorganized 1st regiment. In December 1863, he was made Major. He participated in the campaigns of the Army of the Cumberland, and in all of the greatest battles fought by it and he was severely wounded at Stone River, where he was brevetted major for gallantry on the field. At the battle of Chicamauga he greatly distinguished himself, where he lost a leg and was brevetted lieutenant colonel for gallant and meritorious service. After that he fought in the veteran reserve corps and was assigned to Jefferson Barracks, at St. Louis, Missouri, then a military hospital, where he served until October 29, 1866, when he was mustered out of the service, having served five years and a half. Soon after he was made postmaster of Jefferson Barracks.

Colonel McVean's commission as Captain of the Kenosha company was signed by Governor Alexander Randall, in 1861. His commission as postmaster at Jefferson Barracks, was signed by the same Governor Randall, in 1866, he being the Postmaster General of the United States.

Colonel McVean held the position as postmaster at Jefferson Barracks until the time of his death. He was also for a time station agent for one of the railroad companies, (about thirteen years). This position he resigned to accept the position of post trader, which business together with the postmastership he was engaged in at the time of his death.

Colonel McVean was a member of the Wisconsin Commandery of the Loyal Legion, a member of Frank P. Blaine Post of the Grand Army of the Republic, and other military organizations.

After his death General Philip Sheridan said of him "He was a much beloved officer in the army."

The Milwaukee Telegraph writing of him a short time after his death said, among other things; "He was one of nature's noblemen. Once in his last illness he asked, 'Is the picket line all right?' and to his physician he said, 'Have we still a fighting chance?' And so a brave and loyal hero and a splendid gentlemen, surrounded by family and near and dear friends, passed over the dark river and through the pearly gates to the reward of all such as he. He left kindly messages to many of his friends. His funeral was that of a soldier, what he would have desired it to be. A battalion of regulars commanded by Major Sumner, Frank P. Blaine Post the loyal legion participated."

"Colonel McVean was greatly admired by all who knew him and his friends were numbered by the thousands, including a host in Wisconsin."

Colonel McVean died at Jefferson barracks May 16th, 1887, and was buried there."

His family consisted of his wife and one son Fred, both of whom have since died.

So far as we know at the present time only one daughter, Jennette, and three granddaughters, daughters of Margaret McVean who married Mr. Eggleston, now survive (Louise, Jennie and Maud) of all the children and grandchildren of Christina Campbell and her husband Colin McVean.

Donald Campbell, (1804--1939) the second son of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born on the home farm at Caledonia, in the year 1804, and there grew up to manhood. He was a little taller than his brother Duncan, but not as tall as his father. In personal appearance he very much resembled his brother Duncan. In young manhood he entered into partnership with his brother-in-law, Colin McVean and they together carried on a general merchandise business in Caledonia, in the "White Store" on West Main Street. Here he remained until failing health compelled him to retire from business. He spent some time in travel, in a vain effort to regain his health. Went to Scotland where he spent almost a year, and while there visited the old home of his father at Killin. Returning from Scotland not much improved in health, he remained for sometime at home in Caledonia, when, judging from an old diary which belonged to him and is now in our possession, his business was that of money lending, and looking after his farm.

In 1838, again in pursuit of health, he went to Florida, and spent the winter of 1838--39 in Key West and vicinity. In the spring of 1839 he returned to Caledonia, and died on the 27th of October following, at the home of his sister Christina, (Mrs. Colin McVean), then living in the house next west of the "White Store." He was buried in the family burial place at Mumford.

Donald Campbell, was the money making member of his father's family, and though dying at the early age of thirty-five years, and having to battle with ill health for some of those years, had accumulated considerable property, which on his death was, together with proceeds of 125 acres of land, the north part of the farm owned by his father and willed to him by his father, divided between his then remaining brothers and sisters, Peter P. Campbell, John Campbell, Janet Campbell, Christina McVean.

Donald was unmarried.

John Campbell (1808-189O) fourth son of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born on the home farm at Caledonia in 1808. In early life he married Ellen McPherson, daughter of Deacon Daniel McPherson, who lived on the Creek Road, on what is now known as the Remington farm, and to them was born one daughter, Catherine.

In 1835 John Campbell purchased, and went to live on the "Sand Hill" farm, about two and one half miles south of Caledonia Village.

In 1847 his wife Ellen died and was buried in the Mumford cemetery.

After a few years John Campbell married as his second wife Jemima Sinclair, daughter of Donald Sinclair, who lived on the State Road, between Caledonia and Avon, near where George Espie now lives.

In 1858 he removed from Sand Hill farm to Fowlerville, N. Y. Here in 1887 his wife Jemima died, and was buried in the Mumford Cemetery.

In the fall of l889 John Campbell removed from Fowlerville to Nelson, Nebraska, the home of his daughter Kate. Here he died April 1. 1890, and was buried.

Catherine Campbell, Cousin Kate, daughter of John and Ellen Campbell, was born in Caledonia, in the year 1836. She married Donald Malloch of Beulah, and by him had a family of two sons and three daughters: William, Morton Finlay, Nettie Bell, Lena, Nellie.

Donald Malloch died several years ago, and in 1899 Catherine married her second husband, a Mr. McGregor, with whom she is now living in Kalispel, Montana.

Alexander Campbell; (1810-1817), the youngest son of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born on the home farm at Caledonia, in the year 1810, and died there in 1817, at the early age of seven, and was buried in the family lot in the Mumford cemetery.

The only known record of the young boy's life, save that in the old family Bible is that of his baptism in June 23, 1810, on the Session Books of the First Presbyterian Church.

Ann Campbell, (1812-1832) the youngest child of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born on the home farm in the year 1812. Of her short life we have been able to gather very little information. The date of her baptism was September 6th, 1812.

Mrs.. Robinson says of her: "She was a delicate and very pretty girl, more like her brother Duncan than any one of the others, }but I did not know her very well."

She died at the early age of twenty years and was buried in the family burial place at Mumford .

STATEMENT of John P. Campbell, of Fowlerville, N. Y. made September 3rd, 1884, in reference to other members of his grandfather's family: "My grandfather's name was Duncan Campbell, Grandmother's name was Jennet McCallum. Both died at Killin, Perthshire, Scotland.

"Among those coming from Scotland in 1798, along with my father and mother, Peter and Catherine Campbell, were my Uncle John Campbell with his wife, and Aunt Catherine Campbell, brother and sister of my father Peter Campbell."

John Campbell bought and settled on what is now known as the Daniel J. Campbell farm, three miles south of Caledonia village.

The family of John Campbell and his wife Margaret Cameron consisted of seven children - three sons and four daughters.

Jenett - married David Gibson of Caledonia, and afterwards removed to

the state of Michigan.

Duncan Campbell.

Christina -- married her first cousin James McVean.

Catherine - married Robert McVean, and lived near Fort Hill, Le Roy,

New York.

Mary - married John Carmichael, of Caledonia, and was the mother of the Carmichael family of Black Street. James J., Peter J., John J., Daniel J., Mrs. Simon Fraser, Effie, Mary, Mrs. W. W. Lewis.

Daniel J., - married Ann McQueen, always lived and died on the farm taken up by his father. His family consisted of four children, two sons and two daughters: James D. (who lives in Le Roy, N. Y. 1906); John, who died several years ago; Margaret, who died several years ago; Jennett, who is still living.

Peter J. - married Isabel McIntyre, but had no family. He was for a number of years a Ruling Elder in the First Presbyterian Church of Caledonia. Always lived in Caledonia, and died at the home of his brother Daniel J. some years ago.

John -

Isabel - married Daniel Haggart of York, New York.

Catherine Campbell, sister of Peter and John Campbell, came to the United States from Scotland, with her brothers in 1798. She married Peter McVean, who settled on what is now known as the Thomas Brown farm, three miles south of Caledonia village, and adjoining the farm of John Campbell.

The family of Catherine Campbell and her husband Peter McVean consisted of seven children, five sons and two daughters:

Peter James - married his first cousin, Christina Campbell, daughter of John Campbell, and their family consisted of three sons and two daughters; Peter, John, Daniel, Mary, Christie, Margaret (Mrs. James Vase), James.

Colin - married his first cousin, Christina Campbell, daughter of Peter and Catherine Campbell. This family history, so far as is known, is given in former pages.

Charles - died in Caledonia (unmarried).

Catherine - married James McPherson, who lived on the Creek Road. The family consisted of two sons one daughter, Norman's grandfather----------?

Duncan - married Jane McClellan. Family consisted of one son and one daughter, Peter, Mary Jane.

Margaret - married John B. McPherson. Lived on the Creek Road. Family consisted of nine children, three sons and six daughters -

Elizabeth married Daniel McEwen

Alexander married Mary McPherson

Catherine married Mr. Nevins

1- Alex, 2 - David, 3 - John, 4 - Elizabeth

Margaret married David Brodie (Henry & Frank)

Peter married Elizabeth Coughron

Martha married Duncan Menzie

Christina- Ann married Moses Molloch

Anna married Robert J. Menzie

Daniel married Ruth Cameron. The family consisted of one daughter,

Ruth married John R. McKay (son by Peter's first wife)

FAMILY RECORDS SHOW CATHERINE CAMPBELL (our paternal grandmother with that of her brothers and sisters.

I. John Campbell and Margaret McIntosh.

1 - Duncan died when 24 years of age.

2 - Mary now Mrs. Adamson

3 - Donald Campbell and Mary McIntyre

live in Drummond.

A - John

B - Margery

C - Margaret

D - Peter

E - Mary

4. Christie Campbell and Alexander

Campbell (Scotch line)

A - John Malcolm

B - Peter McIntosh

C - Margaret Christie

Christie Campbell and William Ritchie

A - Donald James

5. Alexander and Isabel Boyd.

Two daughters living in Fiji Islands.

A -

B -

6. Margaret Campbell and Peter Crane

A - James Alexander Campbell

B - Nettie McPhail

C - Mary Christie

D - John Wilberforce

E - Maggie Annie

II.. Catherine and Peter Campbell (See Campbell History)

III. Duncan Campbell and Kate Campbell

(Sister to "Big Hill" John's wife)

IV. Christie Campbell and John McPhail

1 - Margaret - Utah

2 - Jennie

3 - Peter

4 - Christie - Now Mrs. McDonald

5 - Catherine

6 - Donald - Drummond

V. Peter Campbell and Christie Fraser

1 - Donald

2 - William

3 - Ann - Briar Hill

4 - John

5 - Maggie

6 - Duncan

7 - Peter

8 - Alexander - Drummond

9 - Catherine - Perth




Peter P. Campbell, (1806-1884) third son of Peter and Catherine Campbell, was born on the home farm in Caledonia in October, 1806 and always resided there, at first working at home with his father, and afterwards as his successor and owner of the farm.

In early life he attended the Caledonia Village School and there received the meager education which was the lot of the boys and the girls of this community in these early days, when the clearing of farms, and the building of homes was of necessity and of the first importance.

When twenty years of age, imbued with the military spirit and ardor which then prevailed in this section of the country growing of the stirring events of 1812-1814, he became a member of the local rifle company, and served for fifteen years as a State Militiaman. His discharge from military services is still in the possession of the family and reads as follows:

"I hereby certify that Peter P. Campbell has done military duty armed and equipped as the law directs in the Caledonia Company of Rifles for the term of fourteen years, and said Campbell has likewise done duty for one year in the York Company of Rifles both in the 77th Regiment of Infantry of militia of the state of New York.

Dated at Caledonia this 1st day of October, A.D. 1841.

A. Gordon, Col. and Commanding officer of the 77th Regt."

Among the many pleasant childhood memories of the elder members of his family is that upon occasions when feeling particularly happy, he would present himself among them arrayed in full regimentals, and would for their amusement go through his marching exercises and manual of arms, with so much dignity and precision as if on parade before a reviewing general,

On the 31st of October, 1833, Peter P. Campbell was united in marriage with Elizabeth Stewart, (1811-1844) Rev. Alexander DeNoon performing the ceremony, five children, three sons and two daughters, were born to Mr. and Mrs. Elizabeth Campbell, as follows: Catherine, born August 28th, 1834: Peter P. born June 2nd, 1836; Jane, born July 10th, 1838; Donald P. born July 17th, 1841; Jane P. born January 9th, 1844. Three days after the birth of James, January 12th, 1844, his mother died.

At the present time only two of the children of Peter P. and Elizabeth Campbell survive, the eldest Catherine, and the youngest James.

On the 8th, of January, 1846, Peter P. Campbell married his second wife, Margaret McKenzie (1804-1894) Rev. Alexander DeNoon again performing the ceremony. Born of this marriage eleven children, three sons and eight daughters, were born:, Janet Elizabeth born Dec. 15th, 1846, died June 16th, 1847, age 6 months and buried in the family burial place at Mumford; Margaret Ann, born August 30th, 1848; John P. born, August 4, 1850; Elizabeth born August 24th, 1852; Jannette, born July 23, 1854; Alexander P. born June 19, 1856: Ellen Mary, born August 14, 1859; Christabel, born October 31, 1860; Florence Amanda, born April 1, 1863; Evaline-Jones born February 22, 1865; Duncan born November 21, 1866.

All the children of Peter P. and Margaret Campbell, with the exception of the first-born Janet Elizabeth, are now living.

Peter P. Campbell became a member of the First Presbyterian Church, of Caledonia, April 11, 1837. He was for a number of years a member of the board of trustees. On August 19, 1855 he was elected a Ruling EIder and was a member of the Church Session until the time of his death, a period of twenty-nine years.

How well he performed his duties as a church-member and elder, and how appreciated, was abundantly evidenced by kind words written and spoken of him by his follow members of the church and Session.

One very pleasant incident in this connection which occurred near the end of his long life of service, is noted in the Caledonia Advertiser of January 26, 1882, The incident is mentioned as a part of what took place at a "Donation" given to Rev. Thomas Stephensen, at the first church parsonage on January 19th:

"Those that were fortunate enough to be present in the afternoon witnessed the first and one of the most enjoyable incidents of the occasion which was the presentation of an elegant and costly set of silver of seven plates, to Elder Peter P. Campbell, Senior, from his friends and brother members of the church. The presentation was made by Mr. Wm. S. McKenzie in the following well chosen language: "Mr. Peter P. Campbell, Sir: Allow me to say, in behalf of the congregation of the First Presbyterian Church of Caledonia, that you have been intimately associated with this church for three-quarters of a century. That when this, the first church organized in Livingston County, was in its infancy, your name was enrolled on its book of record. You can look back over these years and bring to view in your memory much of interest in the history of this church. The struggle it had at first for existence and the progress it has made since. There are but a few left of the zealous worshippers who (were) with you in devotions when you enlisted in the service of the Master. For the last 27 years you have held the Office of Ruling Elder of this church. During this time you have never flinched from the performance of your duty. Whenever opinion has been divided and opposing views threatened to produce discord, you have always firmly taken your stand in support of the ambassadors of Christ. A striking illustration of the power of your Christian influence and example is the fact that your children are active and zealous working in the vineyard of the Lord. You have nearly reached the extreme limit of human existence, and we believe that when you shall have been called on to give an account of your stewardship, you will receive the plaudit, "Well done good and faithful servant". As a token of the confidence we have in you, the high estimation we place on your Christian character, and our respect accept this for you as an Elder, we ask you to accept a gift, not for its Intrinsic value, but as an expression of love.’

"It was patent to all. who witnessed the scone that the worthy elder was taken completely by surprise, and to relieve him of the embarrassment of the moment Mr. Stephensen stepped forward and in his usual 'happy manner’ received the gift in the name of Elder Campbell and replied to Mr. McKenzie's address in a touching and eloquent manner."

After Elder Campbell's death his fellow members of Session paid the following tribute to his memory;

"Whereas, our esteemed brother, Peter P. Campbell, Sr., having been removed by death since the last regular meeting of Session, the following minute is unanimously adopted: With humble submission to the dispensation of God's holy providence, the Session records the death of one of its members, Mr. Peter P. Campbell, Sr., who departed this life on the 29th day of August ult., in the 79th year of his age.

Resolved, that in the death of Peter P. Campbell, Sr., this church is called to mourn the loss of a father in Israel, whose counsel was ever wise and whose example was ever worthy of imitation. For forty seven years of his connection with this church, twenty-nine of them in the capacity of a Ruling Elder, he was constant in his attendance upon the ordinances of worship and liberal in his support of every good word and work. Every ambassador of Christ found in him a firm and unfailing friend. A fitting memorial of such a life is the survival of thirteen children, all active and exemplary members of the Church of Christ.

Appropriately can it be said of him, he rests from his labors, and his works do follow him.

Resolved; That a copy of the above be sent to the family of the deceased and that it also be published in the New York Evangelist.

Attest: Wm. S. McKenzie Session Clerk.

Caledonia, September 16, 1884. "

The office of Ruling Elder of the church was the only omportant one ever held by Mr. Campbell, and aside from social, business and family affairs, the church and its best interests was the object of his constant care and endeavor. A man of few words, his voice seldom heard in a public gathering, he was eminently a man of deeds.

One of his great pleasures, and one exercised largely was that of accompanying his several pastors in their pastoral visitations among the members of the congregation. His time, and his horse and buggy, were ever gladly at the service of the minister. The hospitality of his home also was always at their command and, whether as regular pastor, or temporary supply, for a day, for a week, or even as sometimes happened, for months, all were equally and cordially welcomed.

We know particularly of the great delight that it gave him to see the members of his own family, his friends and neighbors, everybody in fact identifying themselves with and becoming active in the work of the church.

The compiler of these pages will never forget his own experience, when being accepted into the membership of the church, by the Session of which Mr. Campbell was a member. After a few questions asked by way of examination, by the pastor and other members of the Session, the right hand of fellowship was given, and a few words of commendation and encouragement spoken by all save Mr. Campbell. His hand was given without a word being said, but the firm yet kindly grasp of his hand, the tender look in his eyes, and the feeling expressed in his strong face, was evidence of pleasure and satisfaction strong and deep, more eloquent than words, and certainly far more valued.

We know that one of the very happiest and most satisfactory hours of his whole long life was that in which at the old home church he saw his son Rev. John P. Campbell ordained to the work of the Christian ministry.

Peter P. Campbell, on the death of his father in 1836, and by his will, came into possession of the south part of the home farm, containing a fraction over 125 acres.

In 1837, the "Flats" containing 116 acres, was purchased from the John McKay estate. This land lay directly west of and adjoining the home farm. Tho price paid was $50.00 per acre.

This land with the exception of 8 acres sold for right of way to the Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railroad Company, was left by Mr. Campbell to his family, by will, a copy of which with other wills, transfers, etc., is included in these pages. (Copy was in original, not with this copy.)

In 1856 the "Sand Hill" farm was Purchased from his brother John Campbell. This farm situated two and one-half miles south of the village, then contained 128 acres of land. After a few years Mr. Campbell deeded this farm to his son Peter P. Campbell, Junior, then a few years later, purchased it back again, and on April 1, 1880, sold it to its present owner.

As a farmer and business man Peter P. Campbell was esteemed by many who knew him well as being one of Caledonia’s most successful men, not as a money maker, or in any other single direction, but in all around accomplishment.

His farm was always well cultivated. His farm buildings, ample for all needs, were always kept in good repair. His farm implements were up to date and abundant. His live stock, horses, cattle, sheep, swine and poultry, never fancy (he had no fads) but plentiful and good, were always well cared for. Crops, implements and live stock, were all under cover and well housed. There was a place for everything, and everything was usually in its place. The general appearance of everything about his farm was indicative of good management.

In business affairs Mr. Campbell was prompt and absolutely honest. He despised anything low, or mean, or underhanded. He never heard of any person ever accusing, or even suspecting him of doing anything crooked or dishonest. He had the unbounded confidence of those with whom he dealt. One incident is sufficient to illustrate. When the "Flats" was bought, settlement was made by his giving his individual note for the purchase price. A friend present when the settlement was being completed kindly said, "I’ll sign that note with Peter". The party to whom the note was being given said, "No! No! that would spoil it. It is all right as it is." It is needless to say that in the course of time the note was fully paid.

"I never knew a man who paid his debts as cheerfully as Peter Campbell. He almost made you feel as if you were doing him a favor in taking your pay". These were the words of a man, who had been intimately acquainted with Mr. Campbell for upwards of forty years, and who had done business with him amounting to many thousands of dollars.

One of the best possible evidences of the quality of his business ability, is found in the disposal which he made of his property, by his will. Ever careful for his family, and mindful of their happiness and comfort, his only desire was that all should be treated fairly, that each should receive what he felt they ought to receive, and that without unnecessarily burdening another.

On one occasion, several years ago, when such matters were being discussed by a member of Caledonia's shrewd business men, one of them expressed the opinion that Peter Campbell was one of the best business men in the town, and being asked for a reason for his opinion said, "Look at the family that he has raised, and how he has raised them". They all with one accord agreed that the opinion was correct.

The home life of Peter P. Campbell was particularly pleasant and happy! It was darkened, of course at times, by annoyances, by griefs and sorrows, which are common to all. But whether in joy or in sorrow, the atmosphere of the home was always serene,

Following the footsteps of his father, the day was always begun by asking God's blessing, upon its labors. Family worship was regularly observed, a portion of scripture was read, in later years usually from the psalms, then prayer was offered to God for daily bread, deliverance from temptation, and for the spread of gospel light and liberty.

"How poor and wretched is the home, however externally prosperous, though wealth fresco the ceiling, and luxury carpet the floor, and taste adorn the pictured walls, and culture smile from the library, and summer breath from the fire place, and plenty laugh from the larder ¾ where there is no God: and which while making room for Oriental voluptuousness, can spare no space for the family alter. How enviable is the home however hard and bare with poverty, in which Jesus finds a welcome, as with Mary, and Martha, and Lazarus in Bethany; and where from parental tones of reverence and looks of love, and simple words of prayer, the children are taught piety, as they are taught to dress and eat and sleep."

His home was not one of wealth and luxury, neither was it one of poverty, but a home of plenty, and "Blest with health, and pence, and sweet content."

The dining room, at meal time, was a place of happy reunion and good cheer. The long table laden with good, substantial, well cooked food. The good father and mother sat at either end, on either side the sons and daughters, with intermingled guests, for few were the days, in the summer time, that his home was without visitors. The meal was always preceded by a blessing and partaken with thoughts and feelings of thankfulness.

In his home, the Sabbath was religiously observed though not as rigidly as in his father's days. Public worship and other church services were attended by all who could possibly attend. The catechism and Sabbath School lesson were learned and recited and only such reading and conversation as was suitable to the day was permitted. No unnecessary labor was performed. As far as possible the world was barred out.

One of the most noticeable features of his home life was the absolute love and unity which prevailed. Not only were father and mother one in thought, in feeling and endeavor but each and every member of the home had his and her own particular part and place in the general well being of all. Ho loved his wife and in all things counseled with her, and she was worthy of his love and trust. He loved his children, each and all, and his children each and all in return loved and reverenced their father. Who can tell of the hours which he spent thinking and planning and doing for the welfare of his family? The hours spent in carrying them to and from school, at the home school, at other schools attended by not a few of them. The trips that he made to and from the railway trains sending off and meeting his sons and his daughters and their visiting friends. All as a labor of love, and all so gladly performed.

The hospitality of his home was unstinted, and was often times a cause for wonder and remark on the part of those whose hearts were formed in a different mold. We remember having heard one of these remark on one occasion, "There goes Peter Campbell with another load of company. I don't see where he puts them all. They must be hanging with their feet out of the windows down there (at his house) now."

Sometimes the house of many rooms was seemingly too small but a place was always found though members of his own family often had to make their beds in the "store room".

Relatives, old friends and neighbors, schoolmates and friends of his sons and daughters, all were made welcome and provided for. The names of all those who have eaten at his table, and who have slept under his roof would make a long list, and one that would be highly prized by his family today.

Very many are those who have forgotten their loneliness while visiting at his home, who have been entertained by herself and by his family in a variety of ways nowhere possible in this vicinity. Sometimes it was a quiet and enjoyable chat in the home, or a game on the pleasant grounds surrounding the home. Sometimes walking or resting in the prove, or down at the "Creek", floating with the stream, and then as ever pulling back again, enjoying the company, the scenery, and the sweet restfulness of the place, or perhaps if so inclined, fishing for the "speckled beauties", so plentiful in the crystal waters of Spring Creek. Sometime again driving about the country, which was favorite mode with Mr. Campbell for the entertainment and enjoyment of his guests. He was a good entertainer in a quiet manner.

Mr. Campbell was a man in whom there was no guile. His nature was open as his life. He was unexacting in his demands upon the time and attention of others. Thought of himself last and least, had no expensive habits, spent little an himself, and we believe, never did anything for the mere name that it would give him.

In his personal habits he was temperate, simple and clean. Never using intoxicating liquors himself, he endeavored by precept and by example, to cause others to abstain from their baneful use. No man ever heard a coarse word or an indelicate story from his lips. A profane word was never uttered in his hearing without rebuke. We remember once of being in a place where a partially intoxicated man, because of some fancied grievance, was swearing profusely, Mr. Campbell coming into the place the man at once ceased his profanity. After Mr. Campbell departed, the man was asked why he so suddenly stopped his swearing. He replied, "The old gentleman would not like to hear me". We recall another occasion when a man was using profane language on the sidewalk in front of one of the business places of the village, Mr. Campbell coming up unnoticed heard him and tapping him on the shoulder with his cane reprovingly said "You ought to know better than to talk in that way." The profanity ceased at once.

In matters of dress and personal appearance Mr. Campbell was always very particular. His dress was simple but neat. He had the faculty only acquired by neatness, of never having had clothes appear shabby or new. Even about his chores on the farm he was neat and clean. He always wore a white shirt starched linen and a black tie. On the Sabbath he usually wore black clothes, and on special occasions, a tall silk hat. He always shaved himself, and was careful that his boots were properly blackened. His personal appearance marked him as being possessed of that refinement always possible, but too often neglected, especially on the farm.

In his later years he gave up the management of his farm to his son Alexander, while he busied himself in doing anything that was needed about the place. Sometimes after his death, we remember having heard Alexander say; "We used to think that father did not have much to do, but I declare, he was the busiest man on the place.

Some one has said that age is a matter of feeling rather than of years. If a man feels old, he is old, even at forty. If he feels young, he is young, even at seventy. Holmes has said: "It is better to be seventy years young than forty years old.' We think that it can be truthfully said that Mr. Campbell was comparatively a young man at seventy. His years rested so easily and gracefully on him that he seemed to be much younger than he was. He never lost interest in young people. Even up to his last days he enjoyed their society and made companions of then. During his last years he was afflicted with a partial deafness, which detracted much from his enjoyment in conversation with people in general, but those who took the trouble to converse with him were fully repaid by the evident enjoyment that it gave to one who had done so much for the enjoyment of others.

Mr. Campbell was in his usual good health until within a few days of his death. On August 14th his son Rev. John P. Campbell, returned to Caledonia, after six months tour of Europe, Egypt and the Holy Land. He met his son at the station as usual, and for the next few days greatly enjoyed his recital of what he had seen and experienced while abroad, especially that part relating to the Holy Land of which he had read so constantly and on which he had pondered so much throughout his whole long life. On the Thursday preceding his death, August 21st, a hot, sultry, summer day, he walked all over his farm, and returning to his home he told Mrs. Campbell where he had been, complained of not feeling well, and said: "It is too hot for the horses to be out today." A physician was called, but no alarm was experience as to his recovery until about twenty-four hours before his death which occurred on Friday morning, August 29th, 1884 in the seventy-ninth year of his age. His death was calm and peaceful, and the greater number of his children were at his bed-side when the end came. His son Donald, speaking of his father’s death, afterward said: "I used to think that death was an awful thing and was afraid of it but since I saw my father die, I have no fear of it. His death was as quiet and peaceful as going to sleep."

"His youth was innocent; his riper age,

Marked with some act of goodness every day,

And watched by eyes that loved him, calm and sage.

Faded his late declining years away.

Cheerful he gave his being up, and went

To share the holy rest that waits a life well spent"

Mr. Campbell's funeral was held from the old home on Monday afternoon, September 1st. His pastor, Rev. John V. Carmichael, conducted the service, assisted by Rev. R. M. Russell, of the United Presbyterian Church. His six sons, Peter P., Donald P., James P., John P., Alexander P., and Duncan were the active bearers, while Elders James Fraser, William E. Masterson, William S. McKenzie, Charles J. McKenzie of the First Presbyterian Church, with Elders Thomas Brodie, and William, J. Williams of the United Presbyterian Church acted as honorary bearers. The Interment was in the family burial place at Mumford.

After Mr. Campbell’s death many kind words were written and spoken of him. Extensive obituary notices appeared in Rochester newspapers, and in the Caledonia Advertiser. One letter particularly treasured by the family was received from a former pastor, Rev. Malcolm Neil McLaren D.D. of Auburn, N. Y.

The Rochester Union and Advertiser said:

"Deacon Peter P. Campbell, one of the oldest residents of Caledonia, died in that town on Friday night last, in the seventy-ninth year of his age. He was the son of Peter and Catherine Campbell, natives of Perthshire, Scotland, and who were among the pioneer settlers of that town."

After speaking of the family of deceased the Article continued.

"The father of the subject of this sketch was for many years a deacon in the First Presbyterian Church of Caledonia, and an his death his son Peter P. was elected a deacon in the same church, and a few years ago his son, bearing his name, Peter P., was elected a deacon and now fills that responsible office. Thus for nearly a century grandfather, son and grandson of the same name have been standard bearers in that church. The death of Mr. Campbell was sudden, he being sick less than a week and it being believed Friday that be would likely recover. His death was as peaceful and calm as if he sank into a natural sleep. As a son, husband, father, friend and neighbor he was irreproachable. His hospitality was unbounded and unstinted. He was a warmhearted, kind ran, who delighted to help the poor and needy, and who during his whole life was thoughtful in visiting the sick and relieving the distressed. In the church he was looked upon as a pillar, and a tower of strength. In his conscientious, firm adherence to the faith, doctrine and standards of his church, he was a perfect type of old Scotch Presbyterian. Of the temporal affairs of the church he was mindful, and to aid in every enterprise connected therewith his hand and purse wore open. No better eulogy can be spoken of him than that uttered by Rev. John A. Nelson in his church yesterday at Mumford, in announcing his death:

"Deacon Peter P. Campbell died on Friday last an old man whose life was filled with good deeds".

And again the same newspaper said on the following day:

"The funeral of Peter P. Campbell was held yesterday afternoon from his late residence, which has been his home for three-quarters of a century. The attendance was very large and comprised many of the older residence (sic) of Caledonia, York, Le Roy, and Wheatland whose acquaintance with the deceased and his family began in the early part of the present century. The Rev. Mr. Carmichael, pastor of the church of which the deceased was an Elder so many years, conducted the simple but solemn service. His remarks were brief but excellent and appropriate, and voiced the feelings of all present who knew the worth, integrity and Christian character of the deceased. The bearers were the six sons of the venerable man. It was an impressive scene to see the sturdy, manly children bearing tenderly the remains of a father who in his strong arms had carried them in infancy and helplessness and guided their steps aright in after years. All of the children of the deceased, numbering fifteen, were present and also his only surviving brother, John P. Campbell, of Fowlerville. The remains, were buried in the Cemetery at Mumford where the father, mother and other relatives sleep their last sleep. Nearly seventy carriages were in the procession from the house to the cemetery, and while the sorrow of the widow and fatherless children cannot be assuaged by earthly sympathy, it lessens and softens the poignancy of grief to know that the departed one merited and secured the confidence, respect and friendship of all who knew him.." ELDER.

The Caledonia Advertiser contained the following notice:

"Campbell - At his late residence in this village, Friday, August 29th, 1.884, from dysentery, Peter P. Campbell, Senior, aged 79 years."

"The death of Mr. Campbell as above stated was preceded by an illness of but little over a week and it was only a day or two previous to his death that grave apprehensions were entertained by his family. The deceased was born and always lived on the farm where he died. In the early settlement of Caledonia the land was taken up and cleared by his father, whose name was also Peter. This pioneer was a native of Scotland and of sterling integrity and deep religious convictions. He was prominently identified with the early church history of Caledonia as an elder, and left to his family the heritage of a good name and Christian example. His mantle, it may truthfully be said, fell on his son, the subject of this sketch, who resided for 79 long years on the homestead. Mr. Campbell became a member of the First Presbyterian Church of this village forty-three years ago, twenty-nine years of this time a ruling elder, and during the many stormy scenes and fiery trials through which this church has passed, he has stood at the helm, never deserting the right, ever on the side of justice, the friend of the oppressed and persecuted, his attitude, "Steadfast, immovable, abounding in the work of the Lord". The heritage left to his children is one of which they cannot be too proud. In his social relations Mr. Campbell was given to large hospitality, and his pleasant home was the scene of many happy gatherings. While a man of few words he was possessed of a fund of humor that made him an attractive and entertaining host. The large family reared under the parental roof gave evidence that, ‘'He blesseth the habitation of the Just', and by them as well as by the community at large, his memory will long be kept green. The fifteen children were all present at the funeral, the only ones living away from Caledonia being the Rev. John P. Campbell of Baltimore, Md. who but two weeks before had arrived from Europe, and James F. of Kalamazoo, Mich., who did not arrive however until after his father's death.

"The funeral obsequies were held on Monday afternoon and the house and grounds were thronged with friends who came to pay their respects to the dead. The services were conducted by his Pastor, Rev. J. M. Carmichael whose remarks were brief and impressive. Two hymns were sung by the choir. There was no display of flowers, it being his wish that everything should be plain, the sheaf of ripe wheat being the only emblem on the casket. The beautiful and touching scene, according to the old Scotch custom, of the six sons acting as pall-bearers, will long be remembered. The Elders of the church walked in advance as honorary bearers."

Dr. McLaren at the time of Mr. Campbell's death was suffering from the effects of a stroke of paralysis, which was followed by a second stroke, so that it was almost two years before the good old doctor, then in his eighty-seventh year, was able to write his letter of condolence to Mr. Campbell. Dr. McLaren writes:

"Not until within these last few days did I know that so long a time, weeks growing, into months and months stretching into years, had elapsed since my greatly esteemed and loved friend, my dear and ever faithful Elder has entered into his rest. And all that time no word from me ..... So I hasten to do what I can to remedy my neglect. All my life of so many years, it has been my conscientious wish and aim to treat all men decently, and never to neglect my friends... During the month succeeding your husbands call to the better world, and may I not say ever since, my thoughts have been much with him, and with you, and your dear old mother, and with your children and their little ones. Oh that they may all be under the Covenant that is well ordered in all things and sure. May God the ever living and gracious Lord bless them all I am so sorry to be able to write so little of what I would have said to both you and the good grandma. You know what good things God has said in His Holy Word. When we wish to see Christ let us seek him in His Holy Word. That is his trysting place, and there you can tell Him all your perplexities, all about yourself, and all about the children that God has given you Oh that I could see you all again. Sixty years ago next month your friend was ordained to the ministry in my brother Donald's church. May we all meet in heaven, God's chosen, blood bought, quickened, sanctified children, giving thanks unto the Father who hath made us fit to be partakers of the inheritance of the Saints in light."

"Life is real, life is earnest,

And the grave is not the goal;

Dust thou art, to dust returnest,

Was not spoken of the soul."

Elizabeth Stewart (1810-1844) first wife of Peter P. Campbell, was the eldest daughter of James Stewart and Jane McDougal, his wife. She was born on shipboard, on the Atlantic Ocean, while her father’s family were on their journey from Scotland to this country, in the year 1810. Arriving in the United States, the family settled in Caledonia, on the farm now owned by John McKay, situated about three miles southwest of Caledonia village, and still known as the "Stewart Farm".

Here Elizabeth Stewart grew up to young womanhood. In early life she became a member of the United Presbyterian Church of Caledonia. In 1833 she was united in marriage with Peter P. Campbell, by the Rev. Alexander DeNoon.

Elizabeth Stewart Campbell is described to us by her only surviving sister, Mrs. T. Harvey Brown, of Caledonia as: "A woman of medium height, stout in form, dark complexion, dark brown eyes, dark hair, very high forehead, prepossessing in appearance, and of a very kindly and cheerful disposition".

The family of Peter P. Campbell and Elizabeth Stewart, his wife, consisted of five children, three sons and five daughters; Catherine, Peter P. Jr., Donald P. Jane and James P.

She died at the Campbell homestead, on January 12th, 1844, in the thirty-fourth year of her age, and was buried in the family burial place at Mumford.

The family of James Stewart and Jane McDougal, his wife consisted of ten children, six sons and four daughters, John Alexander, and Duncan born in Perthshire, Scotland, Elizabeth (the subject of our sketch) born on the Atlantic Ocean, Jane-Catherine, Margaret, James, Neil and Peter born on the "Stewart Farm" in Caledonia.

Jane McDougal Stewart mother of Elizabeth Stewart Campbell, was a sister of Neil McDougal who married Isabella McIntyre, (Aunt Isabel). This family consisted of ten children, three sons and seven daughters; John, James, Peter, Eliza, Helen, Margaret, Mary, Jane-Ann, Catherine and Isabella.

Another brother, James McDougal, was the father of John N. and Jane McDougal of York.

A sister, Margaret McDougal, married Alexander Stewart and was the father of the late Neil Stewart, of York.

Elizabeth McIntyre McKenzie (1797-1890) This family history would be very incomplete and unsatisfactory without a short sketch of the life and character of "Grandma McKenzie" who was for so many years a member of the Campbell household, and who was so beloved by all the members of the family.

Elizabeth McIntyre, the second daughter of John Roy and Helen Stewart, a lineal descendant of the royal house of Stuart, his wife, was born in Appin, Argyllshire, Scotland, in the year 1797. In 1805, she, with her father’s family, and other Argyllshire Highlanders, emigrated to this country. Sailing from Greenock, in October of that year, after a long, tedious and tempestuous voyage of upwards of nine weeks, they arrived in New York. Among others on this ship, at this time, from Duart, Island of Hull, came Hector McLean, father of Colonel A. H. McLean, a family long prominent in Caledonia, but now without a lineal descendent living in the town.

On the arrival of the McIntyre's they at once proceeded to the Scotch settlement at Johnstown, N. Y. Here the family remained until 1814. Meantime, on 1811, Peter and Allan McIntyre brothers with their sister Elizabeth, came on to the Genesee county, then being opened up for settlement, thus "Grandma Mackenzie" when only fourteen years of age, came to help to make a home for her father's family, and was one of the first women, and certainly the youngest housekeeper, to settle in the "South Woods".

The journey from Johnstown, was made in an ox cart, and took fourteen days. The Genesee River was crossed in a scow. The brothers and sister settled on lot No. 43 of the 40,000 acre tract, in the northwestern part of what is now the Town of York, on the south side of the Ellicott Pond. First a small clearing was made, a log cabin and small barn built, and in 1814, the father and mother and others of the family remaining in Johnstown came on to the "South Woods" where the McIntyre family has since resided. The original homestead is now owned and occupied by Daniel McIntyre, a grandson of John Roy McIntyre and Helen Stewart, his wife.

Elizabeth McIntyre was married to Alexander McKenzie, on May 16, 1822, Rev. Alexander DeNoon performing the ceremony. Her home, after her marriage, was located on the west side of the road leading from William McIntryre’s place to the DeNoon road, and near the corner opposite the DeNoon west farm, on the land now owned by William McIntyre. The house and other buildings were taken down some years ago.

The family of Alexander McKenzie and Elizabeth McIntyre, his wife, consisted of six children, four sons and two daughters; John, married Margaret Weir, and removed in early life to Vernon, Wisconsin. Margaret married Peter P. Campbell. Ellen married Donald Stewart, Delevan, Wisconsin. Peter married Jane Weir and lived at Vernon, Wisconsin. Allan, unmarried. Alexander, unmarried. All of these sons and daughters are now dead. John, Allan and Peter died at Vernon, Wis., Ellen at Delevan, Wis., Margaret at Caledonia, N. Y. and Alexander at Reno, Nevada. The father Alexander McKenzie also dead and was buried in West Troy, Wisconsin.

Since 1852, grandma McKenzie made her home with her daughter, at the Campbell homestead. Here, with the exception of two visits to her grandchildren in Wisconsin, the last thirty-eight years of her life were spent. She was for many years a member of the First Presbyterian Church, and was constant and faithful in the performance of her church duties. She died of old age, at the Campbell homestead, on Monday, April 21st, 1890, aged ninety-two years and five months.

Being almost the last one remaining of the first settlers of this section of the country, and having large number of relatives, friends, and acquaintances, her funeral was very largely attended. Her funeral services were participated in by Revs. J. A. Henderson and R. M. Russell then of Caledonia, Rev, W. W. Lawrence then of Mumford, and Rev. John V. Carmichael then of Munda, a former pastor at Caledonia and an intimate friend of Grandma. Mr. Carmichael spoke at length, and very feelingly of the good old Grandmother whose place would never again be filled here on earth, and of the beauty and glory and happy end of a long, and peaceful life devoted to the comfort end good of others. Everybody felt that a kind, gentle, good and useful soul had passed to its reward when Grandma’s little body was laid away in its lasting resting place. The interment was made in the Mumford cemetery, her Grandsons acting as bearers.

Grandma McKenzie was over seventy years of age when it was the writers good fortune first to become acquainted with her. Both being born in Scotland and coming to this country in early youth, though so many years apart, with feeling of Clannishness which, while wishing no harm, or ill fortune to any one of another nationality, particularly favors all things Scotch, at once became more than good friends. Grandma, was one of the brightest, cheeriest and most companionable old ladies that I ever knew. Her mind active, her memory retentive to the very last, it was more than pleasure to hear her tell of the early pioneer days, with their joys and their sorrows, their hardships and privations, and the happy and courageous manner in which all things that came to their lives were accepted by them as "working together for good." Though possessed of an abundance of life and spirit, in sixteen years of intimate, acquaintance, I never saw her once out of temper. She was always pleasant, always good natured, always doing something, and her activity was usually exercised for the good and comfort of others. She was possessed of a quaint and happy humor which, in her quiet way, bubbled forth almost continually. We can see her now in her favorite seat in the chimney corner of the sitting room observing and taking part in all that was going on. She was very neat and genteel in her dress and very particular about her personal appearance. In her latter years the garden and the fowls were her particular charge. Every hiding place about the premises was known to her and the hen or turkey was cute that could lay away, where Grandma could not find her nest and that often tines at the peril of broken bones. She was wonderfully active always, and until her ninetieth year almost nimble on her foot.

Grandma never forgot the trace of royal Stuart blood that was coursing through her veins, and long life, clear complexion and clean skin were all attributed to it, forgetful of the fact that the Stewarts never were noted for their longevity, or for much of anything else that was good. We are inclined to believe that her own evenness of temper, her sweetness of disposition, her abstemiousness and her good study Highland blood, must have largely the credit for her many years of life, Another trait of her character that her friends always admired was her independence. Nothing troubled or annoyed her more than to be waited on, or to think that she was in any way a burden to anyone. In her last years it was the custom when the family was going from home, that someone should stay with Grandma. Many times we have heard her say: "You needn’t stay at home to look after me. I can take care of myself." And nothing pleased her more than to humor her in this fancy. During her last year of life, while her mind was still bright, her eyesight and hearing wonderfully good, and her memory almost unimpaired, she became very feeble in body. She was tenderly and lovingly cared for by her daughter, Mrs. Campbell, and by every member of the family. Nothing was too good for Grandma, and it was very fitting that this should be the case, for Grandma had watched the toddling steps, and cared for the wants of each one of these her grandchildren from infancy up, and nothing was nearer to her heart than their welfare. It was her earnest desire often expressed, that they might all grow up to be good and useful men, and women. In the last years, her great-grandchildren were also a source of anxiety and care, and at the same time a delight to her and they all loved Grandma McKenzie,

She died full of years. Years full of love and service for other, and she beloved and mourned by all who knew her.




On Friday, August 19th, 1898, a family reunion of more than usual interest and importance was held at the Campbell homestead in Caledonia. This year being the 100th anniversary of the coring to this country of Peter Campbell. This family gathering took the form of a quiet and simple centennial Memorial. The following grandchildren of the pioneer Peter Campbell, children of Peter P. Campbell, with their wives, husbands and children, were present: Peter P. Campbell Jr., Catherine Campbell; Jane Campbell Ritchie and her husband Robert Ritchie; James P. Campbell.; Margaret-Ann Campbell; Rev. John P. Campbell, D.D. and his wife M. Alice Vreeney Campbell of Baltimore, Maryland; Elizabeth Campbell; Jennette Campbell Annin and her husband James Annin, Jr.. and their children James Campbell, Harry Keith, Marguerite Elizabeth and Howard; Alexander P. Campbell, and his wife, Minerva Augusta Hannah Campbell and their son John Alexander; Ellen Mary Campbell-Campbell, and her husband Hugh Campbell, and their children Archibald John, Christabel Ellen, Peter Hugh, Cilon Lorne and Donald McKenzie; Christabel Campbell of Denver, Colorado; Florence Amanda Campbell of Brooklyn, N. Y. and Dr. Duncan Campbell of Woodbury, N. J.

A number of the older surviving members of the early pioneer families of the neighborhood were invited to attend. Among those present being Mr. Charles Clark, Mr. F. C. Wells, Mrs. G. P. Grant, Mrs. Lydia Cameron, Mrs. Isabel McDonald, Miss Catherine McLean, Miss Elizabeth McKensie and Mr. James DeNoon, Caledonia; Mr. and Mrs. Alexander F. McPherson, Mumford; Mr. and Mrs. Alexander McPherson and Mrs. Peter J. McPherson, Beulah; Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Baird, Toronto, Canada.

A short program was prepared and rendered as follows:

Singing ----------------- America

Prayer ------------------ Rev. J. A. Sherrard

Remarks ---------------- Rev. J. P. Campbell

Historical sketch of Peter Campbell

and family -------------- Miss N. A. Campbell

  Reminiscences of Peter Campbell — Mrs. Chas. Clark

Mrs. F. C. Wells

Mr. James DeNoon

Remarks ----------------------- Mr. A. F. McPherson

Singing ----------------------- Hone Sweet Home


Many of the facts gleaned from the reminiscences given, were new to the family, were gratefully received, and will be faithfully treasured by them. From Mrs. Clark, and Mrs. Wells it was leaned that the first Sabbath School in Caledonia was organized by Dr. Peter McPherson, (Peter Doctor), and Peter Campbell. Mrs. Clark, Mrs. Wells and Mrs. Lydia Cameron were members of this Sabbath School. From Mr. James DeNoon was gathered many interesting facts regarding the character, habits and personal appearance of Peter Campbell.

The remarks of Mr. A. F. McPherson were in reference to the early Scottish settlers in general, and were fully appreciated by those present.

Rev. John P. Campbell spoke feelingly of the old home, the home of his grandfather, where his father and himself were born, the dearest spot on earth not only to himself but to all the brothers and sisters as well, of the good influences which had gone out, from the old home. even from its earliest days, when the first settlers, then without a church, used to gather in his grandfather's house on the Sabbath days to worship the God of their fathers, He spoke of the hardships and trials willingly and courageously endured by the fathers and mothers who first settled Caledonia, of their hospitality, of their stalward Christian character, of the comfortable homes which they made themselves and left to their children, of the changes and the contrasts between their times and the present, and stated that amidst all the changes that had taken place the. boundaries of the old home farm were almost identical today with those laid out for his grandfather in 1709.

The historical sketch read by Miss Margaret A. Campbell was gathered from various sources A brief synopsis follows:

In 1796 Peter Campbell and a number of married and single men left Breadalbane, Perthshire, Scotland, to seek a home in America. They sailed from Greenock, landed in New York and proceeded to Johnstown, N.Y. where they remained for some time. Col. Williamson, agent for the Pultney estate, himself a Scotchman, hearing of the arrival of his country folk, went to induce them, if possible, to settle on his company’s land near "Big Springs". He offered them land at $3.00 per acre, payable in wheat at six shillings per bushel, and agreed to provide them with the necessary provisions and farming utensils, until such time as they were able to provide themselves. As a result of Co. Williamson's liberality the party consisting of about twenty men, women and children, came to the "Big Spring" country. This party included Peter Campbell, his wife Catherine Campbell and their infant daughter Janet. Peter Campbell selected as his farm, 175 acres of heavily timbered land. just north of the "Big Springs". At first a log cabin was erected, but soon after a frame house was built which with some alterations and improvements is the homestead of the present time.

The early settlers of Caledonia were Christian people and among the first objects of their care was that provision should be made for the holding of religious services. A meeting was held at the house of Peter Campbell November 10th, 1802, for the purpose of organizing a religious body. At this meeting, the name "Presbyterian Religious Society of Caledonia" was selected and five trustees were elected of whom Peter Campbell was one. In 1808, he became a ruling Elder which office he held until his death, a period of 28 years. Peter Campbell’s certificate of citizenship is dated 1810. He was born at Killin, 1769, died November 9th, 1836. Catherine Campbell, his wife, born at Killin, 1767, died November 2, 1831. They had a family of eight children, five sons and three daughters, Janet, born in Scotland; Duncan, Christina, Donald, Peter P., John P., Alexander and Ann, all of whom were born in Caledonia.

Peter Campbell, his wife, and all but three children died in Caledonia, and are buried in Mumford. Those buried elsewhere being Janet, Christina and John P.

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